Species accounts



The Cape Orchids contains richly informative accounts of the 241 terrestrial and epiphytic orchid species (excluding subspecies and unnamed taxa) belonging to 24 genera occurring in the Cape Floristic Region. This includes previously unpublished information on the origins of their names, histories of their discovery and description, relationships to other species, and information on their natural history. Personal field notes are extracted from the authors’ and contributors’ extensive records of each species habitat and response to fire, flowering period, pollination biology and natural hybridisation. Each species account is illustrated by a comprehensive ‘visual herbarium’ of Cape orchid images and contains a concise bibliography of pertinent literature.

Chapter seven
The terrestials

  • Brachycorythis (1 species)
  • Bartholina (2 species)
  • Holothrix (14 species)
  • Habenaria (6 species)
  • Bonatea (2 species)
  • Stenoglottis (1 species)
  • Pachites (2 species)
  • Satyrium (32 species)
  • Disa (104 species)
  • Brownleea (2 species)
  • Disperis (12 species)
  • Ceratandra (6 species)
  • Evotella (1 species)
  • Pterygodium (15 species)
  • Corycium (11 species)
  • Liparis (2 species)
  • Eulophia (12 species)
  • Acrolophia (7 species)
  • Calanthe (1 species)
The Terrestrials introduction
Disperis capensis var. capensis
Pterygodium catholicum
Corycium ingeanum
Stefan Vogel biography
Disa bivalvata
Disa glandulosa
Disa fasciata
Caroline Newdigate biography
Disa multifida

Chapter eight
The epiphytes

  • Polystachya (2 species)
  • Angraecum (3 species)
  • Cyrtorchis (1 species)
  • Mystacidium (1 species)
  • Tridactyle (1 species)
Cyrtorchis arcuata
Tridactyle bicaudata subsp. bicaudata

An assortment of terrestrial Cape orchids

Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Click to enlarge
Acrolophia bolusii; inflorescence flower diameter c. 9 mm. Cape Peninsula (4 November 1992) Corycium bifidum; Southwestern Cape Floristic Region. Inflorescence—flower diameter 5-7 mm (5 November 1995) Corycium bifidum; Plants in situ (5 November 1995)
Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Click to enlarge
Corycium microglossum; Southwestern Cape Floristic Region. Inflorescences—flower diameter 6-10 mm (4 November 1994) Evotella rubiginosa; Southwestern Cape Floristic Region (2 November 1994) Pterygodium volucris; inflorescence —flower diameter 6-10 mm. Southwestern Cape Floristic Region (4 September 1998)
Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Click to enlarge
 Ceratandra grandiflora; inflorescence—flower diameter c. 15 mm. Western Cape Floristic Region (20 October 1993) Ceratandra venosa; inflorescences —flower diameter c. 8 mm. Southwestern Cape Floristic Region (11 November 1991) Disperis cucullata; inflorescences—flower diameter 17-20 mm. Southwestern Cape Floristic Region (31 August 1998)
Click to enlarge Click to enlarge
Disperis paludosa; inflorescence—flower diameter c. 21 mm. Cape Peninsula (30 November 1990) Disperis capensis var. capensis; inflorescence—flower diameter 20-30 mm. Cape Peninsula (30 July 1991) Disperis capensis var. capensis; inflorescences (cream-yellow form) —flower diameter 30-57 mm. Southwestern Cape Floristic Region (4 September 1998)
Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Click to enlarge
Disa virginalis; inflorescences—flower diameter 25-28 mm. Southwestern Cape Floristic Region (10 October 1995) Disa schizodiodes; Swartberg Mountains, western Cape Floristic Region (8 November 1994) Disa maculata; inflorescences—flower diameter c. 23 mm.Cape Peninsula (6 November 1993)
Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Click to enlarge
Disa pillansii; inflorescences—flower diameter 15-22 mm. Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve, western Cape Floristic Region (15 December 1991) Disa rosea; inflorescence—flower diameter 13-14 mm. Cape Peninsula (6 November 1999) Disa bodkinii; inflorescence-flower diameter c. 26 mm. Cape Peninsula (23 October 1991)
Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Click to enlarge
Disa procera; inflorescence—flower diameter c. 19 mm; horizontal length c. 21 mm. Southern Cape Floristic Region (15 October 1994) Disa uniflora; Cape Peninsula (24 January 1996)  Disa richardiana; inflorescences—flower diameter 9-23 mm. Cape Peninsula (1 October 1998)
Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Click to enlarge
Disa multifida; inflorescences—flower diameter c. 22 mm; Height c. 111 mm. Southwestern Cape Floristic Region (16 November 1991) Disa lugens var. lugens; inflorescences—flower diameter c. 18 mm; horizontal length c. 22 mm. Eastern Cape Floristic Region (19 January 1993) Disa lugens var. nigrescens; inflorescences—flower diameter c. 13 mm; dorsal sepal length c. 24 mm. Eastern Cape Floristic Region (19 January 1993)
Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Click to enlarge
Disa barbata; inflorescences—flower diameter c. 29 mm. Southwestern Cape Floristic Region (1 November 1992) Disa aurata; inflorescences—flower diameter 13-22 mm. Langeberg, southwwestern Cape Floristic Region (20 December 1996) Disa tripetaloides; Stellenbosch Mountains, southwestern Cape Floristic Region (23 December 1999)
Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Click to enlarge
 Disa spathulata subsp. tripartita;  Inflorescence—flower diameter c. 22 mm, vertical length c. 58 mm. Southwestern Cape Floristic Region (5 September 1994) Disa spathulata subsp. tripartita; Plants in situ (5 September 1994) Disa spathulata subsp. spathulata (the distinctive form of D. spathulata subsp. spathulata with smaller purple flowers formerly known as D. atropurpurea); southwestern Cape Floristic Region (28 August 1992)
Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Click to enlarge
Disa schlechteriana;  Inflorescence—flower diameter c. 40 mm, length c. 76 mm. Langeberg, southwestern Cape Floristic Region (21 December 1992) Disa hallackii; southwestern Cape Floristic Region (5 November 1995) Disa marlothii; inflorescence-flower diameter c. 33 mm. Hex River Mountains, southwestern Cape Floristic Region ( 21 January1997)
Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Click to enlarge

Disa cornuta; Cape Peninsula (17 October 1990)

Disa subtenuicornis; Langeberg, southwestern Cape Floristic Region (24 November 1992) Disa telipogonis; Slanghoekberge, southwestern Cape Floristic Region (13 October 1992)
Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Click to enlarge
Satyrium hallackii subsp. hallackii; southwestern Cape Floristic Region (12 January 1994)
 
Holothrix grandiflora; Cape West Coast Inflorescence—flower diameter c. 15 – 17 mm (14 April 1995 ) Holothrix grandiflora; Plants in situ (7 December 2005)
Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Click to enlarge
Bartholina burmanniana; flowers with broad lip divisions—diameter 24-50 mm. Cape Peninsula (20 October 1998) Pachites bodkinii; Inflorescence—flower diameter c. 21mm. Cape Peninsula ( 8 December1992) Pachites bodkinii; Plants in situ (7 December 2005)